|Phase diagram of brittle fracture in the semi-grand-canonical ensemble |
Auteur(s): Mulla T., Moeini S., Ioannidou K., Pellenq Roland J.-M., Ulm F.-J.
(Article) Publié: Physical Review E, vol. 103 p. (2021)
Ref HAL: hal-03110162_v1
Exporter : BibTex | endNote
We present a simulation method to assess the quasistatic fracture resistance of materials. Set within a semi-grand-canonical Monte Carlo (SGCMC) simulation environment, an auxiliary field—the bond rupture potential—is introduced to generate a sufficiently large number of possible microstates in the semi-grand-canonical ensemble, and associated energy and bond fluctuations. The SGCMC approach permits identifying the full phase diagram of brittle fracture for harmonic and nonharmonic bond potentials, analogous to the gas-liquid phase diagram, with the equivalent of a liquidus line ending in a critical point. The phase diagram delineates a solid phase, a fractured phase, and a gas phase, and provides clear evidence of a first-order phase transition intrinsic to fracture. Moreover, energy and bond fluctuations generated with the SGCMC approach permit determination of the maximum energy dissipation associated with bond rupture, and hence of the fracture resistance of a widespread range of materials that can be described by bond potentials.